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Please help me understand the difference between "han habido" y "han estado" in this sentence In my notebook entry two people corrected a sentence. At the time it made sense, but when I went to read about it, now I'm more confused. Can someone please explain to me why sentence #2 isn't correct? 1. Este año, han HABIDO muchos incendios grandes. (corrected sentence) 2. Este año, han estado muchos incendios grandes. (my first attempted sentence) Thank you!
Aug 30, 2020 10:19 PM
Answers · 6
Tracy - I am NOT a spanish native. I am a Brit who has been learning spanish for 4 years. I sometimes think getting answers from other learners can be as helpful as getting answers form natives. That said, what I am about to tell you could well be a pile of poop. Han + estado + gerund (eg han estado viviendo en Argentina desde hace 4 años). They have been living in Argentina for 4 years. Han refers to specific people = "they". When HABER operates in this auxiliary way, it means "They have" or "I have" etc. and refers to specific subjects, usually people. With your fires.... you need the impersonal structure: "Han" does not refer to people or things as it does in the above example. There have been lots of fires means "somewhere out there in the world, lots of fires happened". So, Haber, in your context has nothing to do with things or people. It is strictly impersonal. It translates as: Hay = there is / are Hubo / Había = there was / were ha habido = There has / have been (PS = If you google Han habido, i think you will find it is wrong. In Spanish, the impersonal is singular). I write this reply hoping it helps - HABER drives me nuts, hence my desire to help! Would be delighted to be challenged on all of the above from natives!!
August 30, 2020
Because you have to use the verb "haber" and not "estar". Your initial attempt is a direct translation from English that doesn't work in Spanish. For example: Correct: Hay un vaso en la mesa. Wrong: Está un vaso en la mesa.
August 30, 2020
Don't understand why there is no delete comment function. There are (hay in Spanish) so many technical oversights on this website.
August 30, 2020
Language Skills
English, French, Spanish
Learning Language
French, Spanish