END WEIGHT & END FOCUS
The general order of elements in a sentence is:
subject - verb - object/complement/adverbial(s)
Sometimes the subject is a very long phrase explaining an idea and would make a sentence difficult to understand (the subject is marked in bold text):
The fact that many doctors who came to Finland in the 1960's had to start their medical studies over from the beginning in order to be licensed to practice here is unfortunate.
The principle called end weight means that we try to put long "heavy" elements at the end of the sentence, and keep the subject as short as possible. In cases such as the sentence above we often use the "empty subject" it with a complement followed by the "that" clause:
It is unfortunate that many doctors who came to Finland in the 1960's had to start their medical studies over from the beginning in order to be licensed to practice here.
This construction works with several adjectives in addition to "unfortunate".
Some others are:
amazing, apparent, appropriate, clear, doubtful, essential, evident,
extraordinary, important, inevitable, interesting, likely, natural,
obvious, odd, plain, possible, probable, surprising, and unlikely
Most reporting verbs can also be used in this type of construction in the passive form:
It was found/felt/agreed that this method had little effect.