on the one hand
Le Sénégal est l'un des pays les plus stables d'Afrique car il n'y a jamais eu de coup d’État, et le « modèle sénégalais » était souvent mis en avant dans le passé, même si Amnesty International dénonce encore quelques arrestations à caractère politique
-> translation: Senegal is one of the stablest countries of Africa because it never had a coup d'etat, and the "senegalese model" has often been put forward in the past, even if Amnesty International still denounces some arrests with political character.
Senegal is a republic with a presidency; the president is elected every five years as of 2001, previously being seven years, by universal adult suffrage. The current president is Abdoulaye Wade, re-elected in March 2007.
on the other hand
CIA World Factbook on Senegal
Disputes - international:
The Gambia and Guinea-Bissau attempt to stem separatist violence, cross border raids, and arms smuggling into their countries from Senegal's Casamance region, and in 2006, respectively accepted 6,000 and 10,000 Casamance residents fleeing the conflict; 2,500 Guinea-Bissau residents fled into Senegal in 2006 to escape armed confrontations along the border
Refugees and internally displaced persons:
refugees (country of origin): 19,630 (Mauritania)
IDPs: 22,400 (approximately 65% of the IDP population returned in 2005, but new displacement is occurring due to clashes between government troops and separatists in Casamance region) (2007)