Japanese "Te form" usages

Hey guys, 

I have a question and I wonder if anyone knows. 

The -te form and -ta form are of course two very useful verb forms in Japanese, there are many usages for them. 

For example you could say (forgive me if I make small mistakes):
hanashite-mimasu (try and speak)
hanashita-ra (if/when I speak)
hanashita-houga ii desu (it's better if you/I speak) 

And there are many many other ways to use these forms. 

My question is; does anybody know if there is a solid list with many/most of the te/ta form usages. I think that would be a very useful thing to study for all Japanese students!


Feb 12, 2016 8:33 AM
Comments · 3

I don't have a whole list but I can try to list up a few phrases below using 'hanashite' and 'hanashita' as an example.

hanashita to omoimasu (I think I spoke)

hanashita hazu desu (I'm sure I spoke)

hanashita ra ikemasen (Don't speak)

hanashita to shitara (If I spoke)

hanashita rimo shimashita (we also spoke)

hanashita koto wa arimasen (I never spoke)

hanashita baai (in case i speak)

hanashita toki (when I spoke)

hanashita hito (the person who spoke)

hanashita toki (when I spoke)


hanashite kudasai (please speak)

hanashite mimasu (I try to speak)

hanashite mimashou (let's speak)

hanashite mo iidesu (I can speak)

hanashite mo mudadesu (It's no use to speak)

hanashite kara... (after i speak)

hanashite iru aida (during I speak)

I only came up with these for now, but there should be more if I include colloquial usages.
Hope it helps.

February 12, 2016

I thnk you're talking about auxiliary verbs.

"te" and "ta" are auxiliary verbs. "te" connects two sentences or two words, and if you add "ta" after a verb, it means past.

But Japanese is a little bit vague language,so somethimes we use "ta" even if the sentense is not about past.

February 12, 2016
February 13, 2016