I dont any know of any studies on it, but I have heard from more than one linguistics professor at Harvard that an average college student, around age 20, knows about 60,000 words in his native language. I’ve also heard that English has about 1,000,000 words in it. This is probably true of most languages. But, a better question is what counts as a „word“? Is it every proposition, noun, verb? How do idioms play into the puzzle people use everyday? And what about words that come in and out of a language during various generations? Some words are old fashioned in German, for instance, and known better to older people than younger ones. Do those words count in that 60,000? Just as an example, German has several words and verbs that have more or less the same meanings, but depending on the situation, one verb and/or noun is better used for that situation. But, it’s more complex than that. They’re certain verb pairings with certain nouns that have to go together, then there’s the correct preposition to use with the combination. All I can say is the broader the vocabulary the better. But, intense knowledge of the nuances of the words and verb meanings is all the more important.