Al Qaeda nexus
Contaminations between terrorism and organized crime
I'm Italian and I really appreciated this discussion. Thanks to Teresa and to all the guys who answered. I couldn't imagine that you have to pay for health care in Germany. Even if you are an unoccupied German citizen?
Italian mafias and terrorist organizations
According to the Digos of the Naples Camorra would have provided false documents and case support to Al Qaeda in Naples, London, Berlin, Madrid and Paris. In 2005, Al Qaeda would move its network of over 1,000 members from North Africa to Northern Europe, this would have been facilitated by the aid of the criminal organization in Naples. But relations between the two organizations have gone even further.
On 12 February 2012, a large and regular drug trafficking, which came from Spain in Marano di Napoli through Spain and Poland, was panned by the police with the arrest of 23 people, including Moroccan, Italian and Polish. A story that involved, as purchasers clans Speech and Polverino and on which he reached the shadow of Al Qaeda. Traffic was the central figure of the Maghreb Rachid Echemlali Rahmani arrested in Malaga : according to investigators there documentary evidence that tied him to at least one member of ' al-Qaeda ' involved in the attack on the subway in Madrid on 11 March 2004. Rachid, during the checks carried out by the Italian police force in 2002, the monster ' driving licenses registered to the Spanish Abdlilah Fadual el el Akil, condemned in the first instance and then acquitted by the Spanish Supreme Court because of the bombing of Madrid. Rachid was in charge of the transfer of drugs from Morocco to Spain, being able is move large quantities through the Strait of Gibraltar.
In December 2010, three men from Mali were prosecuted in the U.S. for conspiracy to commit acts of narcoterrorism and supporting a foreign terrorist organization. This was the first time that a Western court has accused members of al Qaeda and its network of narco-terrorism. The men had agreed to transport cocaine through northern Africa with the intent to support three terrorist organizations: Al Qaeda, AQIM and the FARC. In the trial the men testified that AQIM would have helped the FARC in the transport of cocaine through Africa to arrive in Spain, not only for the money, but because both organizations are committed to the cause of anti-Americanism.
Al Qaeda is a terrorist network that has decentralized cells, franchises and employees who carry out criminal activities in the world . In some third world countries the terrorist network is so intrinsic with the public authorities , which , in 2003, the Prosecutor of the Special Court for Sierra Leone said that the former Liberian president Charles Taylor Alqaeda housed some members who were there for the trade diamond , the same members who tried to buy surface-to- air in Liberia.
There are several groups of organized criminals affiliated with Alqaeda , among the best known AQI emerge in Iraq, the Maghreb AQIM and al Shabaab in Somalia. The latter is also devoted to actions of maritime piracy in the sea horn of africa . All organizations affiliated claiming their actions with ideological and political purposes, or jihad (holy war) . Recently Al Shabaab claimed responsibility for its first terrorist attack outside Somalia, in Kampala. AQI has worked with criminal gangs engaged in kidnapping, extortion and smuggling. Some political analysts describe as Iraq suffers from a considerable violence by the transitional period in which the state controls in key markets such as oil broke down, resulting in smuggling that has contributed to the violence.
In the Maghreb AQIM is enriched with the practices of abduction, trafficking in cocaine and heroin smuggling in West Africa and the Sahara. Mohammad- Mahmoud Ould Mohamedou argues that AQIM is acting in the name of ideological and religious ideals, but in reality it would seem especially interested in obtaining profits for ransom and other activities for profit. According to recent documents, AQIM has had access to some stockpiles of weapons in Libya, this could lead to greater instability in the region.
An international issue
In 1988 the United Nations Convention against drug trafficking recognized the links between drug traffickers and criminal organizations and subversive.
The Vienna Conference on Human Rights in June 1993 declared that " acts , methods and practices of terrorism in all its forms and manifestations, as well as the connection in some countries to drug trafficking are activities aimed at the destruction of human rights , fundamental freedoms and democracy , threatening territorial integrity, security of States and destabilizing legitimately constituted governments . The international community should take the necessary steps to enhance cooperation to prevent and combat terrorism ".
In the last decade the U.S. authorities focused primarily on the " nexus " between the neighboring organizations , or related to the network Alqaeda and organized crime. Several reports of the Central Intelligence Agency and the Homeland Security recognize the primacy of the 'Ndrangheta in cocaine trafficking in Europe.
In recent years, the UNDOC has repeatedly pointed out in its reports the exploitation of drug trafficking as a way to finance terrorism. The heroin is now the main source of financing for terrorism in Afghanistan; it takes on a very important economic also for terrorists in Central Asia , the Russian Federation and former Soviet Union , including the Balkans . These terrorist groups for an influence much of the $ 30 billion global market resulting from heroin.