Difference between simple past tense and past perfect tense. Please help me in understanding the difference between past tense and past perfect tense. Past tense is use to show the completed action in the past E.g I wrote this story. Past perfect tense is also used to show the completed action. How we can identify where to use simple past tense and where to use past perfect tense.
Feb 6, 2017 8:05 AM
Answers · 6
Past perfect = should be used in the following situation: - Two or more things or events took place in the past. - Both of these things are completed actions. - The two things are often related to each other. Form............ the event that took place further in the past should be written in the past perfect - for example "He had decided," and the more recent event should be written in the simple past - for example "he want to France instead." So... for example: "He had decided (past perfect) to go to Germany on holiday but he found out (simple past) that there was (simple past) a strike on and so went (simple past) to France instead. The rule for the simple past is just this: It describes a completed event in the past.
February 6, 2017
I recommend saying "past simple" rather than "past tense", since the former is unambiguous. Past simple. Let's say you've just arrived back at the office after taking a 2 week vacation. First thing you do is go chat to your manager. She says, "What do you want to work on, do you want to finish that report?" You say, "Oh, I finished that report" or "Oh, I finished that work right before I left for vacation" or "I did that". You're drawing attention to the fact that the time you did the work is in the past. And you can optionally say exactly *when* in the past with this tense. If you want to try and remember this, think to yourself "is what I'm trying to communicate just SIMPLY that I did something in the PAST?" if so then use the SIMPLE PAST (or "past simple"). Past perfect. "It had started raining by the time the bus arrived". "Had started raining" is past perfect. Past perfect is very often used when two events happened in the past. You use past perfect to describe the earlier event. If you mention the later event at all, then you can use the past simple for that. If you want to remember this, you could first remember that everything in the scenario is in the past. You are inviting the listener to join you in remembering the PAST. Then, if you remember the standing-in-the-rain-waiting-for-the-bus scenario, you could sarcastically say, "Great! PERFECT! It all happened in the PAST and it had started raining by the time the bus arrived!".
February 6, 2017
Sorry! I correct it. Please Explain the difference between these two.
February 6, 2017
FYI, you announce your "I wrote this story" example as an example of "past perfect" but in fact it's "past simple."
February 6, 2017
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