I can give you a few pointers, and hopefully others will supplement them:
aye= yes; a wee = a little; lass= a girl; bonnie= beautiful, dunny= does not.
There are many such Scottish words- some also taken from the Scottish Gaelic Language, so you have to look them up.
One grammatical observation: they tend to use multiple participles, e.g. 'my hair needs a washing' (elsewhere 'to be washed'); 'he needs a beating'. Look up other grammatical features.
The accent: the 'r' is heavily rolled. The main trick to understanding them is to realise that VOWELS are VERY different from vowels in any other English accent. But the differences are at least, of course, consistant. (This is a trick to 'getting' accents more generally) So: 'not'= noooort, 'heard'= hard ('a' here like 'u' in 'bucket' (London pronunciation), 'r' is rolled), 'bed'= biiid, 'witch'= wuch etc.
Also you will have noticed that in the Scottish accents some vowels are VERY long ('man'), and some are extremely short ('which').
If you really want to understand them I suggest that you take the time to write out all of the vowel sounds of the English accent that you are familiar with and write a phonetic equivalent for a Scottish accent. This will serve as a sound map. Once you have done that you can map that, for example, the sentence: 'The title of the video' becomes 'The toytl oorf the vudeeoo'; or 'we made our own language' becomes 'we meeeeyd urrr oooown laaangwch'.
Lastly, remember that there large variation amoung Scottish accents.
Best of luck.
By the way, I personally find Scottish accents sublimely beautiful. Listen to traditional poetry. If you are really interested read about the Scots Language, and the Irish Gaelic Language.