1) The rain from last night still lingers on the peach blossom, and the woods appear a nice shade of green in the morning mist.
2) In the chill of the early spring, an air of calmness presents itself in the spring.
3) Wild peaches cheekily peeking over the short bamboo, the clear waters of the small brook exposing the sandy bottom.
4) The willow trees appear hazy through the fine rain, (but it is) the vivid peach blossoms (that) steals the show.
5) Lotsa fish (specifically a perch, usually the plumpest during spring- good eating) appears in the churning waters of the river. 桃花浪 just means the swirling, foaming waters of a churning river, nothing to do with flowers.
6) There is a second bit you missed out: 春岸桃花水, 云帆枫树林. 'Tis the time of spring again, the rivers have swollen, and the smell of spring hangs in the air. In the distance, there are clouds rolling atop a leafy forest beyond.
You just love spring, don't you?