与的用法? 与的意思就是和/跟吗?与的用法是书面语的吗? 比如:小孩子与总统握手时,一脸都红了... 与还有别的用法吗?麻烦您举几个例子。谢谢
Nov 28, 2017 3:43 AM
Answers · 3
"与"如果用于连接词,表达谁和谁,或者谁跟谁的意思时,多半用在书面语。口语多半不用。 "与"如果用在动词, 表达"给"的意思,读音为yǔ 如"给与","赠与" 例句:我将温暖给与他。 (PS:给与 给予,容易混淆的两个词,虽然都表达给,但是“给予”是你给别人什么东西,“给与”是你把什么东西给别人) 表达"参与"的意思,读音为yù 如"与会" 例句:某重大会议在北京举行,与会人员有……国家领导人。
November 28, 2017
和 = and (derived from harmony, the way people should be with each other) 跟 has the implication "to follow" 与 is the literary form. However, there are four other meanings (used mainly in literary Chinese)... 1. "to give" 与人方便, be considerate of others (literally to give convenenice to others) 2. "friendly relationships" , "good friends" 相与, 与国 (friendly countries), e.g. 今时朝鮮与美国非与国也 N. Korea and the US are not friendly countries [to each other] 3. "to praise", "to laud", 与人为善 4. As a conjunction 与其used with “不如”、“宁可". Sometimes it can be translated as "it is better than". "与其殺是僮,孰若賣之" It is better to sell the slave boy than to kill him.
November 29, 2017
對,「與」做為文法用詞的時候,與「和/跟 (and; with)」意思相同(I just used the word in this sentence to express 'with'),而且比「和/跟」來得正式、書面。 單獨使用的時候,除非是文言文(classical Chinese),「與」沒有什麼其它用法了。但是有幾個詞有用到「與」的就還滿常用的。例如: 「與其A,不如B」(Instead of A, rather B) 與其抱怨功課太多,不如早點開始來寫。 Instead of complaining there is too much homework, it would be better to start writing some of them. 一個人的價值與其說是在他的財富,不如說是在他的人格。 A person's value is not determined by their wealth but rather by their characteristics. 其他有「與」的字大多是動詞,可以直接當成一個單字記起來就好。例如:給與、參與、贈與⋯ btw, since I can't type simplified and I am lazy to go to Google translation, all of the characters are in traditional form
November 28, 2017
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