DMEX
Which are the "7" levels of speaking in korean? Can someone name all the levels to spea in korean. please mention the level of politeness and some examples. for example: 오 다 1) 오십니다 2)오 셔요 3)오셔 . . 7) I'm not sure if they are 7.
Jul 18, 2009 5:55 AM
Answers · 3
Here is the Seven Speech Levels of Politeness with Honorific and without Honorific (7 X 2 =14) Speech Level Non-Honorific Present Indicative of "hada" Honorific Present Indicative of "hada" Level of Formality When Used Hasoseoche(하소서체) hanaida(하나이다) hasinaida(하시나이다) Extremely formal and polite Traditionally used when addressing a king, queen, or high official; now used only in historical dramas and the Bible Hapsyoche(합쇼체) hamnida(합니다) hasimnida(하십니다) Formal and polite Used commonly between strangers, among male co-workers, by TV announcers, and to customers. Haoche(하오체) hao(하오) hasyo(하쇼), hasio(하시오) Formal, of neutral politeness Spoken form used nowadays only among some older people. Young people sometimes use it as an Internet dialect after it was popularized by historical dramas. Hageche(하게체) hane(하네) hasine(하시네) Formal, of neutral politeness Generally used only by some older people when addressing younger people, friends, or relatives. Haerache(해라체) handa(한다) hasinda(하신다) Formal, of neutral politeness or impolite Used to close friends, relatives of similar age, or younger people; also used almost universally in books, newspapers, and magazines; also used in reported speech ("She said that..."). Haeyoche(해요체) haeyo(해요) haseyo(하세요) (common), hasyeoyo(하셔요) (rare) Informal and polite Used mainly between strangers, especially those older or of equal age. Traditionally used more by women than men, though in Seoul many men prefer this form to the hapsyoche (see above). Haeche(해체) hae (해)(in speech), hayeo (하여)(in writing) hasyeo(하셔) Informal, of neutral politeness or impolite Used most often between close friends and relatives, and when addressing younger people. Rarely used between strangers unless the speaker wishes to start a confrontation, or the listener is a child. Hope this helps, DMeX give me a Shout !!! Don't Forget to Repay my Kindness :- ) Don't Worry and Be Happy .
July 19, 2009
There are seven speech levels in Korean, and each level has its own unique set of verb endings which are used to indicate the level of formality of a situation. Unlike "honorifics" – which are used to show respect towards a subject – speech levels are used to show respect towards a speaker's or writer's audience. The names of the seven levels are derived from the non-honorific imperative form of the verb hada (하다; "to do") in each level, plus the suffix che ((체, 體), which means "style". Of the seven listed levels below, the first five use final verb endings and are generally grouped together as "gyeoksikche" (격식체; formal speech level), while the last two levels, "haeyoche" (해요체) and "haeche" (해체) are called "bigyeoksikche" (비격식체; informal speech level) in Korean. In addition, the first six are called "jondaemal" (존댓말) and the last is called "banmal" (반말). These days, hasoseoche is used only in movies or dramas set in older eras and is barely used by modern Koreans, and hageche exists almost only in novels. However, haoche is becoming more popular among young people, especially among Internet users. In order not to offend strangers, I tended to use Hapsyoche and/or Haeyoche most often in different situations. Detailed examples in my next post. Hey DMEX you owe me big time, I want chocolate, gifts, dinner, movie and a giant panda bear but no money please :0 P hehehe. TonyRomeo
July 19, 2009
Technically there are 9 different ways but 2 ~ 3 of them used in both levels,
March 14, 2015
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