How do native Russian speakers decide how to say a long word?
[ Please comment in English, Russian or Chinese. Thank you. ]

Hello! I'm a Russian beginner from China.

As we know, there are quite a lot of multisyllabic and pretty long words in Russuan. And it is a hard problem for me to decide how to say/read them.

My questions are:

<ol><li>how do you decide where to put the main or primary stress?</li><li>how do you decide if there should be a secondary stress? If yes, where should it fall?</li><li>stresses decided/found, where do you decide to separate the syllables so that you may pronounce them in groups? (I don't think the Russian speakers would be saying all the syllables as a whole).</li></ol>




Jun 17, 2020 3:04 AM
Comments · 2
I'm not a teacher, but I'd say that might help you if you understand the main root of the word (or two roots as in са́моле́т).
In your examples will be:

Ко́нтртеррористи́ческий -> ко́нтр + террористи́ческий
and here it does not sound so scary, if you say 2 words together and might even add a tiny pause in between.
The main part will be террористический, and контр is an adding -> secondary.
I think with most of the other words that end with "тический" the stress will be the same.

До́стопримеча́тельности -> до́сто + примеча́тельности (от примеча́ть)
Здесь всё тоже самое. And you even have a verb to double-check

Пе́реосвиде́тельствоваться -> пе́ре + освиде́тельствоваться (о + свиде́тель)

As a summary:
1. Most probably long words have a few roots or parts
2. Remember easy words for the roots and usually all further forms will have the same stress (but not all, as there is no general rule in Russian, and there are always exceptions!)

Also hope, that some tutors will come to this discussion and will help you with more official theory.
June 17, 2020
Thank you very much olga.
June 17, 2020
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