Alex
Lesson 37 - Russian Pronouns

Russian Pronouns

 

1.    Personal pronouns

2.    Possessive pronouns

3.    Demonstrative pronouns

4.    Interrogative pronouns

5.    Relative pronouns

6.    Reflexive pronouns

7.    Indefinite pronouns

8.    Identifying pronouns

9.    Negative pronouns

10.Reciprocal pronouns

 

Personal Pronouns

§  First person singular Я (I)

§  First person plural Мы (we)

§  Second person singular Ты (you)

§  Second person plural Вы (you)

§  Third person singular human or animate male Он (he)

§  Third person singular human or animate female Она (she)

§  Third person singular inanimate Оно (it)

§  Third person plural Они (they)

 

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</td> <td style="width: 87.9pt; border: solid #9A9A9A 1.0pt; border-left: none; mso-border-left-alt: solid #9A9A9A 1.0pt; background: #E9EAFE; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt;" width="88">

Single

</td> <td style="width: 94.5pt; border: solid #9A9A9A 1.0pt; border-left: none; mso-border-left-alt: solid #9A9A9A 1.0pt; background: #E9EAFE; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt;" width="95">

Plural

</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="width: 39.0pt; border: solid #9A9A9A 1.0pt; border-top: none; mso-border-top-alt: solid #9A9A9A 1.0pt; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt;" width="39">

1st.

</td> <td style="width: 87.9pt; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid #9A9A9A 1.0pt; border-right: solid #9A9A9A 1.0pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid #9A9A9A 1.0pt; mso-border-left-alt: solid #9A9A9A 1.0pt; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt;" width="88">

Я (I)

</td> <td style="width: 94.5pt; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid #9A9A9A 1.0pt; border-right: solid #9A9A9A 1.0pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid #9A9A9A 1.0pt; mso-border-left-alt: solid #9A9A9A 1.0pt; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt;" width="95">

Мы (We)

</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="width: 39.0pt; border: solid #9A9A9A 1.0pt; border-top: none; mso-border-top-alt: solid #9A9A9A 1.0pt; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt;" width="39">

2nd.

</td> <td style="width: 87.9pt; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid #9A9A9A 1.0pt; border-right: solid #9A9A9A 1.0pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid #9A9A9A 1.0pt; mso-border-left-alt: solid #9A9A9A 1.0pt; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt;" width="88">

Ты (You)

</td> <td style="width: 94.5pt; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid #9A9A9A 1.0pt; border-right: solid #9A9A9A 1.0pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid #9A9A9A 1.0pt; mso-border-left-alt: solid #9A9A9A 1.0pt; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt;" width="95">

Вы (You)

</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="width: 39.0pt; border: solid #9A9A9A 1.0pt; border-top: none; mso-border-top-alt: solid #9A9A9A 1.0pt; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt;" width="39">

3rd.

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Он (He)

Она (She)

Оно (It)

</td> <td style="width: 94.5pt; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid #9A9A9A 1.0pt; border-right: solid #9A9A9A 1.0pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid #9A9A9A 1.0pt; mso-border-left-alt: solid #9A9A9A 1.0pt; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt;" width="95">

Они (they)

</td> </tr> </tbody> </table>

 

Personal pronouns specify the person about who the conversation is. Pronouns of 1st and 2nd person specify participants participating in talk (я, ты, мы, вы). Pronouns of the 3rd person specify the person or the parties who are not participating the conversation (он, она, оно, они).
Я, ты, мы, вы

<table class="MsoNormalTable" style="width: 100.0%; mso-cellspacing: 0in; mso-padding-alt: 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt;" width="100%" border="1" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0"> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 20.0%; padding: 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt;" width="20%">

Case

</td> <td style="width: 40.0%; padding: 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt;" colspan="2" width="40%">

Singular

</td> <td style="width: 40.0%; padding: 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt;" colspan="2" width="40%">

Plural

</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="width: 20.0%; background: #DEDEDE; padding: 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt;" width="20%">

Nominative

</td> <td style="width: 20.0%; background: #DEDEDE; padding: 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt;" width="20%">

я

</td> <td style="width: 20.0%; background: #DEDEDE; padding: 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt;" width="20%">

ты

</td> <td style="width: 20.0%; background: #DEDEDE; padding: 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt;" width="20%">

мы

</td> <td style="width: 20.0%; background: #DEDEDE; padding: 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt;" width="20%">

вы

</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="width: 20.0%; padding: 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt;" width="20%">

Genitive

</td> <td style="width: 20.0%; padding: 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt;" width="20%">

меня

</td> <td style="width: 20.0%; padding: 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt;" width="20%">

тебя

</td> <td style="width: 20.0%; padding: 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt;" width="20%">

нас

</td> <td style="width: 20.0%; padding: 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt;" width="20%">

вас

</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="width: 20.0%; background: #DEDEDE; padding: 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt;" width="20%">

Dative

</td> <td style="width: 20.0%; background: #DEDEDE; padding: 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt;" width="20%">

мне

</td> <td style="width: 20.0%; background: #DEDEDE; padding: 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt;" width="20%">

тебе

</td> <td style="width: 20.0%; background: #DEDEDE; padding: 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt;" width="20%">

нам

</td> <td style="width: 20.0%; background: #DEDEDE; padding: 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt;" width="20%">

вам

</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="width: 20.0%; padding: 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt;" width="20%">

Accusative

</td> <td style="width: 20.0%; padding: 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt;" width="20%">

меня

</td> <td style="width: 20.0%; padding: 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt;" width="20%">

тебя

</td> <td style="width: 20.0%; padding: 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt;" width="20%">

нас

</td> <td style="width: 20.0%; padding: 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt;" width="20%">

вас

</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="width: 20.0%; background: #DEDEDE; padding: 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt;" width="20%">

Instrumental

</td> <td style="width: 20.0%; background: #DEDEDE; padding: 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt;" width="20%">

мной

</td> <td style="width: 20.0%; background: #DEDEDE; padding: 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt;" width="20%">

тобой

</td> <td style="width: 20.0%; background: #DEDEDE; padding: 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt;" width="20%">

нами

</td> <td style="width: 20.0%; background: #DEDEDE; padding: 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt;" width="20%">

вами

</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="width: 20.0%; padding: 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt;" width="20%">

Prepositional

</td> <td style="width: 20.0%; padding: 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt;" width="20%">

(обо) мне

</td> <td style="width: 20.0%; padding: 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt;" width="20%">

(о) тебе

</td> <td style="width: 20.0%; padding: 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt;" width="20%">

(о) нас

</td> <td style="width: 20.0%; padding: 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt;" width="20%">

(о) вас

</td> </tr> </tbody> </table>

 

Он, она, оно, они

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Case

</td> <td style="width: 60.0%; padding: 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt;" colspan="3" width="60%">

Singular

</td> <td style="width: 20.0%; padding: 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt;" rowspan="2" width="20%">

Plural

</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="width: 20.0%; border: inset 1.0pt; border-top: inset #A3A3A3 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: inset windowtext .75pt; mso-border-top-alt: inset #A3A3A3 .75pt; padding: 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt;" width="20%">

Masculine

</td> <td style="width: 20.0%; border: inset 1.0pt; border-top: inset #A3A3A3 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: inset windowtext .75pt; mso-border-top-alt: inset #A3A3A3 .75pt; padding: 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt;" width="20%">

Feminine

</td> <td style="width: 20.0%; border: inset 1.0pt; border-top: inset #A3A3A3 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: inset windowtext .75pt; mso-border-top-alt: inset #A3A3A3 .75pt; padding: 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt;" width="20%">

Neuter

</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="width: 20.0%; background: #DEDEDE; padding: 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt;" width="20%">

Nominative

</td> <td style="width: 20.0%; background: #DEDEDE; padding: 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt;" width="20%">

</td> <td style="width: 20.0%; background: #DEDEDE; padding: 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt;" width="20%">

oнa

</td> <td style="width: 20.0%; background: #DEDEDE; padding: 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt;" width="20%">

oнo

</td> <td style="width: 20.0%; background: #DEDEDE; padding: 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt;" width="20%">

oни

</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="width: 20.0%; padding: 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt;" width="20%">

Genitive

</td> <td style="width: 20.0%; padding: 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt;" width="20%">

его

</td> <td style="width: 20.0%; padding: 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt;" width="20%">

её

</td> <td style="width: 20.0%; padding: 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt;" width="20%">

его

</td> <td style="width: 20.0%; padding: 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt;" width="20%">

их

</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="width: 20.0%; background: #DEDEDE; padding: 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt;" width="20%">

Dative

</td> <td style="width: 20.0%; background: #DEDEDE; padding: 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt;" width="20%">

ему

</td> <td style="width: 20.0%; background: #DEDEDE; padding: 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt;" width="20%">

</td> <td style="width: 20.0%; background: #DEDEDE; padding: 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt;" width="20%">

ему

</td> <td style="width: 20.0%; background: #DEDEDE; padding: 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt;" width="20%">

им

</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="width: 20.0%; padding: 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt;" width="20%">

Accusative

</td> <td style="width: 20.0%; padding: 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt;" width="20%">

его

</td> <td style="width: 20.0%; padding: 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt;" width="20%">

её

</td> <td style="width: 20.0%; padding: 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt;" width="20%">

его

</td> <td style="width: 20.0%; padding: 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt;" width="20%">

их

</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="width: 20.0%; background: #DEDEDE; padding: 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt;" width="20%">

Instrumental

</td> <td style="width: 20.0%; background: #DEDEDE; padding: 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt;" width="20%">

им

</td> <td style="width: 20.0%; background: #DEDEDE; padding: 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt;" width="20%">

ей, ею

</td> <td style="width: 20.0%; background: #DEDEDE; padding: 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt;" width="20%">

им

</td> <td style="width: 20.0%; background: #DEDEDE; padding: 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt;" width="20%">

ими (ними)

</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="width: 20.0%; padding: 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt;" width="20%">

Prepositional

</td> <td style="width: 20.0%; padding: 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt;" width="20%">

(о) нём

</td> <td style="width: 20.0%; padding: 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt;" width="20%">

(о) ней

</td> <td style="width: 20.0%; padding: 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt;" width="20%">

(о) нём

</td> <td style="width: 20.0%; padding: 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt;" width="20%">

(о) них

</td> </tr> </tbody> </table>

 

The personal pronouns do not change by number, they belong to either singular or plural number.

я, ты, он, она, оно are always singular.

мы, вы, они are always plural.

All personal pronouns are used in all six cases.

 

The Nominative:
Мать спрашивает: “Кто это?”
Сын отвечает: “Это я. (ты, он, она (singular); мы, вы, они (plural).)”

 

The Genitive:
Мать спрашивает: “У кого есть книга?”
Сын отвечает: “У меня (у тебя, у него (singular); у нас, у вас, у них (plural)) есть книга.”

The Dative:
Кому мать даёт книгу?
Мне (Тебе, ему, ей (singular); нам, вам, им (plural)) мать даёт книгу.

 

The Accusative:
Кого спрашивает мать?
Меня (тебя, его, её (singular); нас, вас, их (plural)) спрашивает мать.

 

The Insturmental:
Кем довольна мать?
Мной (тобой, им, ей, ею (singular); нами, вами, ими (plural)) довольна мать.

 

The Prepositional:
О ком думает мать?
Обо мне (о тебе, о нём, о ней (singular); о нас, о вас, о них (plural)) думает мать.

 

Uses of word “ними” (Instrumental case for Plural “они”):

Between them – между ними

Go with them – идти с ними

Jun 2, 2012 9:51 PM
Alex
Language Skills
English, Russian, Ukrainian
Learning Language