Alex
Lesson 65 - Verbs. Imperfective vs. Perfective.

Imperfective vs. Perfective verbs

 

Imperfective

In Russian, imperfective verbs are those that denote habitual or incomplete actions (or when an action”s completion is not the point). For example, using the verb to write, "I write a letter" or "I am writing a letter" mean pretty much the same thing in English. We don”t know whether the action has been completed.

The best way to think about your choice in Russian is to decide whether the action has been completed or not but including all the information you can. For example, " I am writing this letter (right now and but I haven”t finished it yet)."

The habitual action is a little more complicated, because the action can be completed, but the person often does this action. "I am writing this letter (and will soon finish like I have in the past.)

Key words to look for are: always, never, often, every (hour, day, week, month, year), etc. These words tell us that the actions are done over and over again.

Russian imperfective verbs are most often unprefixed.

<a name="perf"></a>Perfective

Perfective verbs are reserved for actions that have been completed, or, at least, when the speaker wants to emphasize the completion of the action. The most important question to ask when deciding which aspect to use is "Has the action been completed?"

"I wrote the letter (and completed it)" would use the perfective, prefixed form of the verb.

"I am going to buy the groceries today" would use the perfective aspect because the speaker is planning on completing the action, but "I will buy groceries every week" uses the imperfective aspect because that action is habitual.

When choosing your aspect, think the action through - will it be complete? Do you do that action habitually, or is it a one-time action? Are there any key words like “every” or “always”?

The table below demonstrates some frequently used Russian verbs in imperfective/perfective pairs:

 

<table class="MsoNormalTable" style="mso-cellspacing: 1.0pt; border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-insideh: .5pt solid windowtext; mso-border-insidev: .5pt solid windowtext;" border="1" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="0"> <thead> <tr> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 4.0pt 15.0pt 4.0pt 15.0pt;">

Imperfective

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 4.0pt 15.0pt 4.0pt 15.0pt;">

Perfective

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 4.0pt 15.0pt 4.0pt 15.0pt;">

Translation

</td> </tr> </thead> <tbody> <tr> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

бежать

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

побежать

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

<em>to run</em>

</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

видеть

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

увидеть

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

<em>to see</em>

</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

давать

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

дать

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

<em>to give</em>

</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

делать

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

сделать

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

<em>to do, to make</em>

</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

думать

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

подумать

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

<em>to think</em>

</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

ехать

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

поехать

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

<em>to go by a vehicle, to ride, to travel</em>

</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

ждать

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

подождать

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

<em>to wait</em>

</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

жить

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

прожить

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

<em>to live</em>

</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

звонить

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

позвонить

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

<em>to call, to phone</em>

</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

знать

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

узнать

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

<em>to know</em>

</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

идти

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

пойти

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

<em>to go</em>

</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

изучать

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

изучить

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

<em>to study</em>

</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

класть

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

положить

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

<em>to put</em>

</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

кончать

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

кончить

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

<em>to finish</em>

</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

любить

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

полюбить

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

<em>to love</em>

</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

мочь

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

смочь

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

<em>can, to be able, to manage</em>

</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

мыть

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

помыть

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

<em>to wash</em>

</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

находить

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

найти

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

<em>to find</em>

</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

начинать

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

начать

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

<em>to begin</em>

</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

отвечать

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

ответить

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

<em>to answer</em>

</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

отдыхать

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

отдохнуть

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

<em>to rest, to relax</em>

</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

открывать

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

открыть

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

<em>to open</em>

</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

переставать

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

перестать

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

<em>to stop</em>

</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

петь

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

спеть

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

<em>to sing</em>

</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

писать

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

написать

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

<em>to write</em>

</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

пить

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

выпить

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

<em>to drink</em>

</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

платить

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

заплатить

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

<em>to pay</em>

</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

повторять

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

повторить

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

<em>to repeat, to review</em>

</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

показывать

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

показать

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

<em>to show</em>

</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

покупать

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

купить

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

<em>to buy</em>

</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

получать

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

получить

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

<em>to get, to receive</em>

</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

помогать

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

помочь

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

<em>to help</em>

</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

понимать

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

понять

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

<em>to understand</em>

</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

посылать

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

послать

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

<em>to send</em>

</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

приходить

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

прийти

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

<em>to come, to arrive</em>

</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

просить

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

попросить

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

<em>to ask (to do smth)</em>

</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

решать

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

решить

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

<em>to decide</em>

</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

рисовать

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

нарисовать

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

<em>to draw</em>

</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

слушать

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

послушать

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

<em>to listen</em>

</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

слышать

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

услышать

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

<em>to hear</em>

</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

смотреть

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

посмотреть

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

<em>to see, to watch</em>

</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

спрашивать

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

спросить

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

<em>to ask</em>

</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

становиться

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

стать

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

<em>to become</em>

</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

строить

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

построить

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

<em>to build</em>

</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

танцевать

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

потанцевать

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

<em>to dance</em>

</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

уставать

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

устать

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

<em>to tire (of doing smth)</em>

</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

уходить

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

уйти

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

<em>to leave, to go away</em>

</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

ходить

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

пойти

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

<em>to go, to walk</em>

</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

хотеть

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

захотеть

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

<em>to want</em>

</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

читать

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

прочитать

</td> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 6.0pt 15.0pt 6.0pt 15.0pt;">

<em>to read</em>

</td> </tr> </tbody> </table>


 

Jul 3, 2012 2:06 PM
Alex
Language Skills
English, Russian, Ukrainian
Learning Language