'What' is the question we ask when we want to know the nature, class, name or purpose of something.'What is your address?'
'How' is the question word we use when we want to know about manner or way 'How do you cook an egg?'/ state or condition 'How are you?',/ extent, degree or amount. 'How much is that doggie in the window.'
'What about' and 'how about' are used in the same way either to a)make a suggestion. 'How about/what about going to the cinema tonight?' or b) to ask someone the same question as they have asked you. 'How are you?' 'Very well, thank you, What about/ how about you?