Hi there. A verb has 4 tenses :
1.Present simple : Examples: break, hold, make, drink, write
2. Past simple: broke, held, made, drank, wrote
3.Past participle: broken, held, made, drunk, written
4.Present participle: breaking, holding, making, drinking, writing.
Note : sometimes `simple past' and `past participle' has same forms. e.g. held-held, made-made.
The present participle is the `ing' form of verbs.
The present participle is used to write `present progressive', `present perfect progressive', `past progressive', `past perfect progressive, `future progressive', `future perfect progressive'.
E.g. I am reading books. [`reading' is the present participle] [It is a present progressive sentence]
I have been playing football for five hours. [ `playing is the present participle, `been' is the past participle] [It is a present perfect progressive sentence]
The past participle is used to write `perfect tenses' e.g. (Present perfect, present perfect progressive, past perfect, past perfect progressive, future perfect, future perfect progressive)
e.g. I have made this book. [ `made' is the past participle] [It is a present perfect sentence]
I have been asking questions for 7 hours. [here `been' is the past participle, `asking' is present participle] [It is a present perfect progressive sentence]