It is hard to make a list. There are hundreds of them. They are part of the language and we use them unconsciously. English learners are taught about "phrasal verbs." These are short phrases consisting of a verb and one or two other words, that "go together." Native English speakers are not taught "phrasal verbs," we learn them intuitively at an early age.
"I'll put the report on your desk."
"It's time to throw out this old magazine."
"OK, I'll put it in the recycle bin."
"I see that there is snow on the mountain."
"Yes, there is a tree line, with trees below it and snow above it."
"Is an asteroid going to crash into the earth?"
"I'm more worried that a tree will fall onto my house."