What exactly does 泳がれる mean?
In a website it translated it as: "Someone swims. (used to express your respect to the person who did that action.) "
Did they mean "(Someone) swims"? Or is it literally "Someone swims"?
Thanks in advance!
「泳がれる」is whats called the "passive form" of the verb「泳ぐ」which means "to swim." English has passive form verbs too just like Japanese but its hard to directly translate the word by itself without knowing the context around it. This is a good article explaining passive form -> http://www.guidetojapanese.org/learn/grammar/causepass
The difference between the two is that if you use 「泳ぐ」 you are saying - someone - "is swimming", whereas 「泳がれる」is more like something is "being swum" . I'm trying to think of an example sentence using it, however I think it's uncommon to refer to swimming in the passive tense. Some people may use「泳がれる」to mean 「泳げる」which is potential form ("someone can swim") for example in dialect, however thats considered grammatically incorrect. But yeah, translating the word by itself is hard but it is roughly - something is - "being swum" (- by someone -). The bit about "someone" may be implied by the sentence but its not actually within the verb form. Hopefully this helps.
November 5, 2017
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