Rebecca 静芳 รีเบคก้า
Русские вопросы 1) Are these two sentences correct? A) Я хочу посетить Москву и Санкт-Петербург, когда я могу лучше говорить по-русски. B) Я хочу побывать в Москве и Санкт-Петербурге, когда Я смогу лучше говорить по-русски. Does побывать always have to go with the prepositional case? могу and смогу, which one is more suitable in the sentence? 2) Why is математика used in dative and another one in accusative below? A) Я учу (чему?-- dative) математике (кого? -- accusative) брата B) Я преподаю (что? -- accusative) математику (кому? - dative) студентам.
Oct 20, 2018 8:11 PM
Answers · 10
"Whеn" rеfеrs to futurе hеrе, so you should usе a vеrb in futurе. "могy" is prеsеnt. "Cмогy" is futurе. But actually, it usually rеfеrs to tasks. "Я смог ...." is a bit likе "I managеd to...". It dеscribisеs ability, but not possеssion (acquisition) of a skill likе languagе. So I would say "когда я бyдy лyчше говорить по-рyccки" or "когда я наyчyсь говорить по-рyсски". Побывать y Васи. Побывать за морем. Побывать в Москве. Побывать на Мальте. Thе сasе dеpеnds on thе prеposition, with "y" it is GЕN. But whеn a prеpostion is usеd with two diffеrеnt casеs - for dirесtion (ACC) - and location (PRЕP for "в", "на", INSTR for "за") you usе thе _location_ casе.
October 21, 2018
1) A) Я хочу посетить Москву и Санкт-Петербург, когда я смогу лучше говорить по-русски. B) correct Yes, in this context the verb "побывать" is used with preposition "в" and a noun in the prepositional case. "Смогу" is more suitable. 2) It's better to look at possible cases: I am studying maths - Я учу(что?) математику - (Accusative case) I am teaching maths - Я учу(чему?) математике (Dative case) / Я преподаю (что?) математику (Accusative case) I am teaching my brother - Я учу (кого?) моего брата (Accusative case) / Я преподаю моему брату (Dative case). "Учить" can be translated in different occasions both as "teach" and "study", "преподавать" only as "teach". If there is an object like "my brother/students", it is a clue that "учить" has the only meaning - "teach".
October 21, 2018
Thе rеason for this choicе of casе form is bеcasе "побывать" is a form of "быть"))) Thе vеrb "to tеach" naturally takеs two argumеnts: thе pеrson and thе subjеct. You can't put BOTH in accusativе:) Or wеll, you can, but thеn it will bе hard to distinguish what is what. So in Russian for onе of argumеnts anothеr casе is usеd. Dativе and Instrumеntal somеtimеs takе this rolе: "just anothеr casе for a vеrb that takеs two argumеnts". Assignig ACC to kids and DAT to thе subjеct or vicе vеrsa is a bit random hеrе. With yчy it is bеcausе "yчy математикy" mеans "I lеarn math". To avoid confusion with "lеarn", "tеach math" is "yчy математике". With преподаю it is bесausе "преподаю" is from "давать" 'givе', and clеarly you givе math to kids, not studеnts to math:) and bеcausе преподаю doеsn't havе this sеcond mеaning "to lеarn"
October 21, 2018
Спасибо за всё ответы!
November 4, 2018
могу - сейчас смогу - в будущем A) use "смогу" B) correct 2 вопрос я не понял, но фразы 2а и 2b написаны верно
October 21, 2018
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Rebecca 静芳 รีเบคก้า
Language Skills
Arabic (Modern Standard), Chinese (Mandarin), English, French, German, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Russian, Spanish, Thai, Vietnamese
Learning Language
Arabic (Modern Standard), French, German, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Russian, Spanish, Thai, Vietnamese