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What’s the difference between these three sentences? 그 사람은 제일 좋은 대학교 다니고 싶어하면서 시험에서 다 떨어져요. 그 사람은 제일 좋은 대학교 다니고 싶어하지만 시험에서 다 떨어져요. 그 사람은 제일 좋은 대학교 다니고 싶어하는데 시험에서 다 떨어져요. Basically what would be the difference between -지만 -는데 and 으면서 in this type of sentence?
Nov 7, 2019 4:00 PM
Answers · 3
They all have distinct usages, but -지만 and -는데 can be used interchangeable in many situations. * -지만 = used for square logical contradiction like "but" or "however". * -는데 = oblique contradiction, tension, or parallel situations between two things, like "but', "and", etc. * -면서 = 1) an action happening while another is going on (while), 2) an existing condition or situation that is viewed negatively for another (even though, when). 1. 이번에 실패했지만 다음에는 성공할 거다 = I failed this time, but I will succeed next time. 2. 몸이 아픈데 회사를 가겠다고 한다 = Fallen ill, he still wants to go to work. 3A. 동생은 컴퓨터 게임을 하면서 즐거워한다 = My brother is delighted playing a computer game. 3B. 그는 돈이 많으면서(도) 검소하게 생활한다 = Even though he is rich, he lives modestly. In your examples, -지만 and -는데 are both natural and have about the same meaning with slight nuance. -면서 doesn't sound natural to me. - ... 다니고 싶어서 지원하지만/지원하는데 시험에서 다 떨어져요. (good - applies but fails the exam) - ... 다니고 싶어서 지원하면서 시험에서 다 떨어져요 (X). (unnatural - applying and failing are not parallel things that -면서 is used for)
November 7, 2019
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알렉산드라
Language Skills
Chinese (Mandarin), English, Korean
Learning Language
Chinese (Mandarin), Korean