Here is an example:
If an author was in the process of publishing a book author disclosure and author conflict of interest paperwork must be completed. This is legal paperwork that basically says that the author is the person he says he is and that the book is his original work, not stolen from another.
Here is another example about conflict of interest:
If a person writing a newspaper article which praised a specific brand of beer and the same newspaper author also owned a brewery which made this type of beer his article speaks highly of... this is a conflict of interest. Paperwork revealing this relationship would probably be required by most newspapers.
Author disclosure and conflict of interest are legal references to practices designed to keep the media and press accountable.