In today’s interconnected world, knowing how to write an email in French can open up new opportunities for communication and collaboration. Whether conducting business with French-speaking partners or applying for a job in a francophone country, understanding the nuances of French email etiquette is essential.

Learn how to write an email in French

This comprehensive guide will walk you through the key elements of crafting a well-written and culturally appropriate email in French.

Emails in French: Importance and key components

Email has become one of the primary forms of communication in both personal and professional settings. Communicating effectively in French can open up new career opportunities and help you connect with professionals in French-speaking countries.

Understanding French email etiquette can provide insights into French culture and societal norms, helping you navigate interactions with French speakers more effectively. Writing emails in French can improve your language proficiency, including grammar, vocabulary, and sentence structure. You may encounter some difficulties in learning French but exposing yourself to writing French content and emails can minimize them.

Key components of French email

Subject Line (Ligne d’objet)

The subject line should be concise and informative, summarizing the purpose of your email. Avoid using vague or overly casual language.

Salutation (Salutation)

Begin your email with a formal salutation, such as “Bonjour” (Hello) or “Madame/Monsieur” (Dear Sir/Madam), followed by the recipient’s name or title if known.

Body (Corps de l’email)

Introduction: Start by introducing yourself and stating the purpose of your email.

Main Message: Clearly and concisely communicate your message, providing necessary details or information.

Closing: Conclude your email with a polite closing, such as “Cordialement” (Sincerely) or “Bien à vous” (Yours sincerely), followed by your name.

Structure your email correctly

Closing (Clôture)

End your email with a polite closing, such as “Cordialement” (Sincerely) or “Bien à vous” (Yours sincerely), followed by your name.

Signature (Signature)

Include your full name and any relevant contact information, such as your email address or phone number, at the end of your email.

Key email writing vocabulary

Objet du messageSubject line
Signature de l’e-mailEmail signature
Boîte de réceptionInbox
Boîte d’envoiOutbox
Courrier indésirableJunk mail
Envoyer et recevoirSend and receive
Répondre à tousReply all
Nouvel e-mailNew email
Cc (Envoyer en copie)cc
Cci (Envoyer en copie cachée)bcc
Pièce jointeAttachment

You must also learn terms like please in French. Such terms have a special touch of politeness required for a good email. It is necessary to write a professional and polite email. Below are some meaningful tips to achieve this goal.  

Tips for writing a polite and professional email

Use formal language: Unless you have a close relationship with the recipient, it’s best to use formal language and avoid overly casual expressions.

Be concise: Keep your email clear and to the point, avoiding unnecessary details or lengthy explanations.

Check your grammar and spelling: Review your email for any grammatical or spelling errors before sending it.

Proofread to avoid mistakes

Respect cultural norms: Be aware of cultural differences and adjust your communication style to avoid misunderstandings.

Respond promptly: If you receive an email in French, respond on time to show respect for the sender’s time.

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The enrollment process at italki

Visit italki. Complete your profile with all of the necessary information. Select the ‘Find a teacher’ option and apply the French teacher filter to find a French instructor. This page offers a complete list of French tutors available on italki.

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Frequently asked questions

What are some common greetings used in French emails?

Common greetings in French emails include “Bonjour” (Hello), “Bonsoir” (Good evening), and “Madame/Monsieur” (Dear Madam/Sir).

How should I address the recipient in a French email if I don’t know their name?

If you don’t know the recipient’s name, you can use a general greeting such as “Bonjour” or “Madame/Monsieur.”

Is it important to use formal language in French emails?

It’s generally necessary to use formal language in French emails, especially when writing to someone you don’t know well or in a professional context.

How should I sign off at the end of a French email?

Common sign-offs in French emails include “Cordialement” (Sincerely), “Bien à vous” (Yours sincerely), or “Salutations distinguées” (Best regards).

Are there any common phrases I should use when writing a French email?

A: Some common phrases in French emails include “Merci d’avance” (Thank you in advance), “En espérant avoir de vos nouvelles bientôt” (Hoping to hear from you soon), and “Veuillez agréer, Madame/Monsieur, l’expression de mes salutations distinguées” (Yours sincerely).

How can I improve my French email writing skills?

Practice regularly, pay attention to grammar and vocabulary, and familiarize yourself with French email etiquette.


Writing an email in French can be a valuable skill that opens up new opportunities for communication and collaboration. Following the tips outlined in this guide and practicing regularly can improve your French email writing skills.

To enhance your overall proficiency in the language, enroll yourself in italki. Book your lessons today to explore endless learning opportunities.

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