Seasons determine the pace of our existence. They serve as a soothing reminder that in nature, everything is constantly renewed, and everything goes as intended, despite any challenges that may arise. It is no wonder that seasons hold great significance and symbolism in many cultures around the world. This article will help you learn the seasons in French and how you can use them in your conversations.

Explore different seasons in French

Seasons in French: Vocabulary and example sentences

It is essential to learn French grammar, vocabulary, tense formation and sentence structuring to achieve fluency. In French, “season” is “saison” (plural “saisons”). In the table below, there are four major seasons in French:

Autumn / FallAutomne
The rainy seasonLa saison des pluies
The dry seasonLa saison sèche

Summer in French

CountriesSummer months range
France, Belgium, Switzerland, Luxembourg, MonacoJune-September
CanadaJune- September
Été indien : Octobre
VanuatuNovember-April(Southern hemisphere)
Most of the French-speaking African countries — Around the equatorJuly-September with some variations
Most of the French-speaking African countries — Southern hemisphereNovember-March with some variations

French summer words

Flip flopsTongs
Learn French vocabulary related to summer season

Fall in French

CountriesFall months range
France, Belgium,
Switzerland, Luxembourg, Monaco
Beautiful fall colors during the “Été indien” (October)
HaitiNo fall, per say
VanuatuNo fall, per say
Most of the French-speaking African countries — Around the equatorNo fall, per say
Most of the French-speaking African countries — Southern hemisphereNo fall, per say

French fall words

Cooling downRafraîchir
PumpkinCitrouille, potiron

Learning months in French can help you carry out basic conversations. You can also develop the confidence to inquire about changing weather conditions with the locals and prepare proactively for the extreme weather.  

Winter in French

CountriesWinter months range
France, Belgium,
Switzerland, Luxembourg, Monaco
CanadaDecember-March (later in Northern Québec)
VanuatuMay-October (Southern hemisphere)
Most of the French-speaking African countries — Around the equatorOctober-June with some variations
Most of the French-speaking African countries — Southern hemisphereApril-October with some variations

French winter words

FrostGivre, gel
SnowmanBonhomme de neige
Christmas treeSapin de Noël
Use French winter words in your conversations

You must also learn basic French greetings to make these seasons more exciting and memorable. For example, learning to say good night in French can allow you to get closer to the people you like and adore.

Spring in French

CountriesSpring months range
France, Belgium,
Switzerland, Luxembourg, Monaco
HaitiNo spring, per say
VanuatuNo spring, per say
Most of the French-speaking African countries — Around the equatorNo spring, per say
Most of the French-speaking African countries — Southern hemisphereNo spring, per say

French spring words

New lifeNouvelle ville
GardeningFaire le jardin
Sunny, but coolEnsoleillé mais frais

Examples of sentences using seasons in French

L’été (summer)

  • Dans ma région, l’été est chaud et humide (In my region, summer is hot and humid).
  • L’été est ma saison préférée. J’adore la plage ! (Summer is my favorite season. I just love the beach!).

L’automne (fall/autumn)

  • En automne, je vais souvent ramasser des champignons. (In fall, I often go mushroom picking).
  • Manges-tu des châtaignes en automne ? (Do you eat chestnuts in fall?)

L’hiver (winter)

  • Je trouve que la neige embellit toujours le paysage. (I think snow always makes the landscape nicer).

Le printemps (spring)

  • Quelle est ta fleur printanière préférée ? (What’s your favorite spring flower?)

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Frequently asked questions

What are the names of the four seasons in French?

In French, the four seasons are “le printemps” (spring), “l’été” (summer), “l’automne” (autumn/fall), and “l’hiver” (winter). Each season brings its own distinct characteristics and is an integral part of the cultural and natural rhythm in France.

What are some seasonal foods in France?

Spring (le printemps) brings delicate flavors such as asparagus, strawberries, lamb, and fresh herbs like tarragon and chives. Summer (l’été) highlights vibrant produce like tomatoes, zucchini, peaches, and seafood such as oysters and mussels from coastal regions.

Autumn (l’automne) introduces hearty dishes featuring mushrooms, pumpkins, apples, and chestnuts, alongside game meats like venison and wild boar. Winter (l’hiver) offers rich indulgences such as truffles, root vegetables like turnips and parsnips, game birds such as duck and pheasant, and comforting stews like cassoulet and pot-au-feu.

How do the seasons affect tourism in France?

Spring (le printemps) attracts visitors eager to explore gardens in full bloom, historic landmarks, and cultural events with moderate weather and fewer crowds compared to peak summer months. Summer (l’été) sees a surge in tourism, especially in coastal resorts, major cities, and iconic landmarks like the Eiffel Tower, with long sunny days and a bustling atmosphere.

Autumn (l’automne) appeals to wine enthusiasts embarking on vineyard tours and cultural travelers enjoying the tranquility of autumnal landscapes and local festivals celebrating regional heritage and culinary traditions. Winter (l’hiver) draws winter sports enthusiasts to the French Alps and Pyrenees for skiing and snowboarding adventures, while cities charm visitors with festive markets, cultural events, and holiday traditions.


The seasons in France offer a variety of experiences and activities throughout the year. Whether you enjoy the summer heat, autumn colors, spring blooms, or winter sports, there is always something to appreciate. Expand your vocabulary related to French seasons and feel free to talk about them with locals.

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