The most common Spanish phrases are simple to learn. All you have to do is use them as much as possible. These common Spanish phrases can also help you navigate a new city if you’ve moved abroad, as well as interact with locals once you have arrived. In this article, we will introduce you to over 100 basic Spanish phrases used in Spain, which will help you learn this amazing language.

Learn common phrases in Spanish

Essential Spanish phrases to know

1.   Saying Hello in Spanish

Good morning/ Good afternoon/ Good evening¡Buenos días!/ ¡Buenas tardes!/ ¡Buenas noches!
Hi, how are you?¡Hola! ¿Cómo está(s)?
I’m good, how are you?Bien, gracias, y tu?
Not really good…No tan bien
Nice to meet you!¡Mucho gusto!
See you later! / See you soon! / See you tomorrow!¡Hasta luego!/ ¡Hasta pronto!/ ¡Hasta mañana!
Learn hello in Spanish

2. Saying Thank You in Spanish

Learning to say thank you in Spanish can help you show gratitude and thankfulness. In the table below, there are different Spanish phrases to say ‘thank you’.

Thank you!¡Gracias!
You’re welcome!¡De nada!
Excuse me.Disculpe/ Con permiso/ Perdóname
I’m sorry.¡Disculpe!¡Lo siento!

3.   Introducing yourself in Spanish

My name is…Me llamo…/ Mi nombre es…
I am X years old.(Yo) tengo X años
I go to school at …Voy a la universidad en …
I’m here on an Erasmus.Estoy aquí en Erasmus.
What’s your name?¿Cómo te llamas?
How old are you?¿Cuántos años tienes?
What school are you going to?¿A qué universidad vas?

4.   Essential Question Words

When you first start speaking Spanish, you will have a lot of questions, so use these common Spanish phrases to ask for whatever you need!

What time?¿A qué hora?
Why?¿Por qué?
How much?¿Cuánto?
How many?¿Cuántos?
How often?¿Cada cuánto?
How long?¿Por cuánto tiempo?

Mastering basic Spanish words can help you understand common Spanish conversations.  Always look for ways to expand your vocabulary. Following are some useful questions that you must know:

Do you speak English?¿Habla/s inglés?
Where is the bathroom?¿Dónde está el baño?
What is the name of the restaurant?¿Cuál es el nombre del restaurante?
Where do you live?¿Dónde vives?
How can I get there?¿Cómo puedo llegar hasta allí?
Can I have the bill please?¿Puede darme la cuenta, por favor? / La cuenta, por favor
For me one … please! (Beer, wine, cocktail…)¡Para mí uno/a… por favor! (Cerveza, vino, cóctel…)
How much does that cost?¿Cuánto cuesta eso?

5.   Asking about time in Spanish

What time is it?¿Qué hora es?
It is X o’clock.Es la 1(una) / Son las XX (for any other time except 1 o’clock)
What time are we meeting?¿A qué hora nos vemos / quedamos?
What time does your school finish?¿A qué hora terminas las clases?
When do you have time?¿Cuándo tienes tiempo?
I’m free on / at …Estoy libre el / a las…  

6.   Giving / Getting Directions in Spanish

On the right/ On the leftA la derecha/ A la izquierda
Turn left./ Turn right.Gire a la izquierda./ Gire a la derecha.
Straight aheadTodo recto
At the cornerEn la esquina
Where is X?¿Dónde está X?
How far is it?¿A qué distancia está?
The first/ second/ third street on the left. The first/ second/third street on the right.La primera/segunda/tercera calle a la izquierda.La primera/segunda/tercera calle a la derecha.
We can meet at X square.Podemos encontrarnos en la plaza X
Near the fountain/ statue/ ectCerca de la fuente/ estatua/ ect
Where are we meeting?¿Dónde nos reunimos/vemos?
What street is that on?¿En qué calle está?
What’s the address?¿Cuál es la dirección?
How do you get there?¿Cómo se llega hasta allí?
How can I get there?¿Cómo puedo llegar hasta allí?

7.   Housing and accommodation

If you are learning Spanish because you are moving abroad or want to spend a vacation in a Spanish-speaking country, you will definitely need some housing and accommodation vocabulary. Start your search for a hotel or flat with these common Spanish phrases!

I’d like to reserve a roomquería reservar una habitación
For X nightspara X noches
How much does it cost per night?¿Cuánto cuesta por noche?
Is breakfast included in the price?¿Está incluido el desayuno en el precio?
I’d like to do the check-inMe gustaría hacer el check-in
My key is not workingMi llave no funciona

8.   Searching for accommodation

Brand newA estrenar
Furnished/ Is it furnished?Amueblado/ ¿Está amueblado?
With an elevatorCon un ascensor
Well locatedBien situado
DepositDepósito / Fianza
How much is the deposit?¿Cuánto es el depósito / la fianza?
What is the length of the contract?¿Cuál es la duración del contrato?
To share (i.e. flat shares)Compartir
Third floor3. piso / 3. planta
How many bedrooms does the apartment have?¿Cuántas habitaciones tiene el piso?
Is the hob gas or electric?¿La cocina es de gas o eléctrica?
Does the rent include charges? (i.e. electricity, heating, etc.)¿El alquiler incluye gastos?
Is the kitchen equipped? i.e. does the flat come with a kitchen and utilities.¿La cocina está equipada?
When would it be available?¿Cuándo estaría disponible?
I’m interested in an apartment/a studio/a housethat has a minimum of X bedrooms,with a terrace or balconyEstaba buscandoun piso/ tico/una casacon al menos X habitacionesy con terraza o balcón
I would like to get some information as regards apartments/houses for renting/buying.Me gustaría obtener información sobre apartamentos/casas para alquilar/comprar.

9.   Mealtimes in Spanish and relevant vocabulary

Scrambled eggsHuevo revuelto
LunchAlmuerzo / Comida
Lunch ComboMenu del día
What’s for lunch today?¿Qué tiene el almuerzo/ comida de hoy?
What’s today’s menu?¿Cuál es el menú de hoy?
Does this come with X?¿Viene con X?
Main course / EntreePlato principal/ Entrante
Fruits & vegetablesFrutas y verduras
Master mealtime Spanish vocabulary

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Frequently asked questions

What is the basic greeting in Spanish?

The most common greeting is “Hola,” which means “Hello.”

Q: How do you say “Good morning” in Spanish?

“Buenos días” is the Spanish equivalent of “Good morning.”

How do you ask “How are you?” in Spanish?

You can say “¿Cómo estás?” for an informal setting or “¿Cómo está usted?” for a formal one.


Now that you have a list of common Spanish phrases, use them according to your situation. Make flashcards to learn new Spanish words and phrases. Be consistent and find new and effective ways to expand your Spanish skills. For example, actively engaging in Spanish listening practice can help you develop accurate pronunciation.

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