Spain has so much to offer: the culture, the people, the rich history, the food and wine, the siestas, and much more. It is a land of delightful contradictions. Yet, it is both ancient and modern. Busy but laid-back. Formal but approachable. Diverse and evolving, but still traditional.

Let’s explore everyone’s favorite European country…Spain!

Spain Flag

Geography of Spain

Spain is located in the southwest corner of Europe on the Iberian Peninsula. It shares the peninsula with Portugal, but Spain controls the majority of it, roughly five-sixths. Portugal borders Spain to the west and France to the north. The rest of the country is bordered by water and frequently by beaches. The Bay of Biscay forms Spain’s northwest border. The Mediterranean Sea lies to the east and southeast, and the Atlantic Ocean lies to the southwest, past Gibraltar.

Spain is Western Europe’s second-largest country, only slightly smaller than France. However, its population is not that large. And, as Spaniards increasingly prefer to live in cities, a trend that has been going on for decades, vast swaths of the countryside are sparsely populated, dotted with small towns and villages.

Madrid, the capital, and a few other major cities are home to nearly 40% of Spain’s population. Madrid has a population of approximately 3.3 million in the city proper, with a metropolitan area population of approximately 6.5 million. Other major cities include Barcelona (with a metro population of about 5.4 million), Valencia (1.7 million), Seville (1.5 million), Bilbao (1 million), and Málaga (1.6 million).

How to go to Spain?

Spain is the world’s third most popular tourist destination. Since the 1960s, Europeans have come to Spain’s beaches for vacation and retirement. Spain is a popular cultural destination for visitors from other countries, with exciting cities, spectacular architecture, concert halls, and world-class museums. As a result, traveling to Spain from almost anywhere in the world is relatively simple.

The main point of entry for visitors arriving from outside Europe is Madrid’s Adolfo Suárez/Barajas International Airport. Those arriving from within Europe (directly or via a European connecting flight) have more options: there are a slew of other airports in Spain that handle mostly European flights. International airports are available in all major cities. However, because of Spain’s popularity among vacationers, many beach and near-beach destinations do as well. (Alicante, Santander, Jerez-La Parra airport, and the Costa Brava airport near Girona are examples.) Both discount and major airlines frequently serve these smaller airports.

Transatlantic flights from North America generally arrive in Madrid, with a stopover in Barcelona on occasion. Flight time from the East Coast is usually around seven hours; add two to three hours for flights from the West Coast.

Spain landscape

Once in Spain, the extensive high-speed train system and numerous private bus companies make travel within the country simple, at least to larger cities. It is highly recommended to rent a car to explore Spain’s vast interior or remote coastal areas.

Gathering information about Spanish-speaking countries before your visit will help you make the right traveling decisions. Gather all the necessary information to avoid any hassle or difficulty.

Weather of Spain

Spain is a mountainous country. In addition to the Pyrenees, which separate Spain and France, the country has several mountain ranges. The Meseta Central, which covers 81,000 square miles of central Spain, is a relatively high plateau.

In Spain, this geography has resulted in three major climate zones:

  • Spain has a Mediterranean climate, with warm/hot and dry summers. However, the interior (Meseta) has cold winters (including snow), whereas more southern and coastal areas have mild winters.
  • Southeastern Spain has a semi-arid climate, with desert areas, particularly in Murcia, Almera, and southern Valencia. (In fact, because the climate resembled that of the American Southwest and northern Mexico, Almera was once a popular location for filming spaghetti westerns.)
  • The climate in northwest Spain is oceanic, with cool, mild temperatures, frequent rain, and green hills that run down to the sea. The climate here is similar to that of the Pacific Northwest of North America or the British Isles.
Buildings in Spain

Popular areas of Spain

Madrid: The capital of Spain is one of Europe’s great cities. Its three main museums alone are worth a visit: the Prado, the Reina Sofia, and the Thyssen-Bornemisza. Then there’s the thriving restaurant and bar scene, the architecture, and everything else.

Cataluña: This beautiful, wealthy, and sophisticated region in northeast Spain, bordering France, has a relatively mild Mediterranean climate. Barcelona, Spain’s second city, is here, with a world-class cultural scene and urban beaches. The popular Costa Brava is located north of Barcelona, while the beaches of the Costa del Garraf and the Costa Dorada are located immediately south of it.

Beach in Spain

Valencia: Valencia’s Autonomous Community is home to two major cities and popular stretches of Mediterranean beach. Valencia is the third-largest city in Spain, a major port, and a prominent center for the arts, particularly music. Alicante, located about 80 miles south of Valencia, is a popular beach resort that is a cozy, attractive, and authentically Spanish city.

Costa de la Luz: This section of Spain’s Atlantic coast west of Gibraltar is less well known in North America than the Costa del Sol. The city of Cádiz is here. A string of small beach towns runs along the coast south of Cadiz, with several white villages, including Vejer de la Frontera, slightly inland.

Explore Spanish food culture, and you will be amazed to see mouth-watering dishes associated with these amazing areas of Spain. Knowing about Spain’s food will make your visit easier than you can even imagine.

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Frequently Asked Questions

Where is Spain located?

Spain is located in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula, sharing borders with Portugal to the west and France to the northeast. It also has coastlines along the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea.

What is the capital city of Spain?

The capital city of Spain is Madrid.

How many regions are there in Spain?

Spain is divided into 17 autonomous regions, each with its own distinct culture, history, and in some cases, language.

What are the official languages of Spain?

The official languages of Spain are Castilian Spanish, Catalan, Galician, and Basque. Additionally, there are other regional languages and dialects spoken throughout the country.


In conclusion, Spain is a country located in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula. It shares borders with Portugal to the west and France to the northeast and is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea. Spain is known for its diverse regions, rich cultural heritage, historic landmarks, and vibrant traditions. You can use effective Spanish learning apps to expand your knowledge about this amazing language.

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