Spanish is different from other languages in its sound systems, vocabulary, grammar, etc so it may take some time before an English Native can speak Spanish fluently. 

Learning how to speak Spanish involves several steps which we will cover in this article. We will also cover basic words and phrases that are used in daily conversations.

With this knowledge, you will develop the confidence to have basic conversations in Spanish and understand what is being said when around other Spanish Natives.

This article is for you if you want to learn how to speak Spanish quickly and easily as a Spanish Beginner.

Basic Spanish grammar and sentence structure

Basic Spanish grammar and sentence structure refers to the rules and conventions that govern how words are arranged and used in the Spanish language. This includes nouns, adjectives, verbs, tenses, sentence structure, word order, pronouns, negative and affirmative forms, and common expressions. Let’s examine them carefully.

  1. Nouns and articles: Spanish has two types of nouns, masculine and feminine, and their corresponding articles “el” (masculine) and “la” (feminine).
  2. Adjectives: Adjectives in Spanish come after the noun they modify and must agree in gender and number with the noun.
  3. Verbs: Spanish verbs are conjugated to match the subject of the sentence in terms of person and number.
  4. Tenses: Spanish has several tenses, including present, preterite, imperfect, future, and conditional, each with its own conjugation patterns.
  5. Sentence structure: Spanish follows a subject-verb-object sentence structure, similar to English.
  6. Word order: Word order can be flexible in Spanish, and the meaning of a sentence can be inferred from context and verb conjugation.
  7. Pronouns: Spanish has several types of pronouns, including subject, direct object, and indirect object pronouns.
  8. Negative and affirmative forms: Spanish has different forms to express negation and affirmation, like “no” and “si” respectively.
  9. Common expressions: Spanish has many common expressions, such as “por favor” (please) and “gracias” (thank you) that are used frequently in conversation.

Understanding these basic Spanish Grammar and sentence structure is a great way to start when learning how to speak Spanish.

Common Spanish vocabulary and phrases for a Spanish Beginner

In learning how to speak Spanish, there are some common Spanish vocabulary and phrases that a Spanish Beginner must be familiar with. These vocabulary and phrases are used in daily conversations so they would make communication easier for a Spanish Beginner. 

Some common Spanish Vocabulary includes:

  • Hola (hello)
  • Adiós (Goodbye)
  • Sí (yes)
  • No (no)
  • Por favor (please)
  • Gracias (thank you)
  • Lo siento (sorry)
  • El baño (bathroom)
  • El dinero (money)
  • El almuerzo/la cena (lunch/dinner)
  • Some common Spanish phrases include:
  • Cómo estás? (How are you?)
  • Qué tal? (What ‘s up?)
  • De dónde eres? (Where are you from?)
  • Hablas inglés? (Do you speak English?)
  • Me llamo… (My name is…)
  • Tengo hambre/sed (I am hungry/thirsty)
  • Cuánto cuesta? (How much does it cost?)
  • No entiendo (I don’t understand)
  • No hablo español (I don’t speak Spanish)
  • Puedes ayudarme? (Can you help me?)

Spanish conversation practice with native speakers

There are several ways to practice Spanish conversation with native speakers:

  1. Take Spanish language classes: Many language schools offer classes specifically for conversation practice, where you can interact with other students and a native Spanish-speaking teacher. Interacting with native speakers of the language encourages the use of a larger vocabulary and requires a more detailed explanation of oneself. You would also have the opportunity to have daily conversations with other learners like you. 
  1. Language partners: You can look for a language exchange partner with native Spanish speakers through social media or online platforms like italki. A language partner is someone who speaks the language you are trying to learn and is willing to help you practice and improve your skills. They can help you practice speaking, listening, reading, and writing in the language, as well as give you feedback on your pronunciation and grammar.
  1. Practicing with a native Speaker Tutor: You can find native Spanish speakers online who are willing to help you practice conversation and provide feedback on your speaking skills. You can enroll yourself with italki’s lesson plans. With italki, you will learn Spanish online with a native Spanish Teacher, who can assist with improving your Spanish pronunciation through personalized lesson plans that meet your individual requirements.

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It’s important to note that you should try to immerse yourself in the language as much as possible, so in addition to conversation practice, try to listen to Spanish music, watch Spanish TV shows, and read Spanish books or articles.

Frequently Asked Questions on How to Speak Spanish as a Beginner

Q. How can I improve my Spanish pronunciation?

Practice speaking Spanish regularly, listen to native speakers, and pay attention to the sounds and intonation of the language. Consider working with a tutor or taking a class to receive personalized feedback and instruction.

Q. How can I practice speaking Spanish?

Speak with native speakers, join a conversation group, or practice with a language exchange partner. You can also practice speaking through role-playing exercises, watching Spanish-language films or TV shows, or using language-learning apps.

Q. How can I improve my vocabulary in Spanish?

Read and listen to Spanish-language materials, use flashcards to memorize new words, and practice using the words in context. Try to learn words in groups or phrases, rather than individual words.

Q. How long will it take me to become fluent in Spanish?

It depends on your starting level, the time you dedicate to studying, and your learning style. Some people may become fluent in a few months, while others may take several years. Consistency and regular practice are key to improving your fluency.


To speak Spanish, it is important to learn the basics of grammar and vocabulary, practice speaking and listening, and immerse yourself in the language as much as possible. Finding a language exchange partner, taking a class or course, and using language learning apps or software can also be helpful. Consistency and dedication are key to becoming fluent in any language, including Spanish.

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